Blackjack, also known as 21, is a popular card game played between a player and a dealer. The objective of the game is to obtain a hand with a total value as close to 21 as possible, without exceeding it. Here are the basic rules for blackjack:

  1. Card Values:
    • Number cards (2-10) are worth their face value.
    • Face cards (Jack, Queen, King) are each worth 10.
    • Ace can be counted as either 1 or 11, depending on the player’s choice and the total value of their hand.
  2. Gameplay:
    • The game begins with each player and the dealer receiving two cards. This is usually face-up for the player and one face-up and one face-down for the dealer.
    • The player’s goal is to build a hand value closer to 21 than the dealer without going over.
    • Players take turns deciding whether to “hit” (request another card) or “stand” (end their turn with the current hand).
    • If the total value of a player’s hand exceeds 21, they go “bust” and lose the round.
  3. Dealer’s Turn:
    • Once all players have finished their turns, the dealer reveals their face-down card.
    • The dealer must follow a specific set of rules, usually referred to as “dealer’s rules” or “house rules.” For example, the dealer typically hits on a hand value of 16 or less and stands on a hand value of 17 or more.
  4. Winning and Losing:
    • If the player’s hand value exceeds the dealer’s without going over 21, the player wins and is paid out at even money (1:1).
    • If the player’s hand value is equal to the dealer’s, it results in a “push” or tie, and the player’s bet is returned.
    • If the dealer’s hand exceeds 21, the dealer busts, and all remaining players win.
    • If the dealer’s hand value is closer to 21 than the player’s without exceeding it, the player loses their bet.
    • If a player is dealt an Ace and a 10-value card (10, Jack, Queen, or King) in their initial two cards, it is called a “blackjack” or “natural.” A blackjack typically pays out at a higher rate, often 3:2.
  5. Additional Options:
    • In some variations of blackjack, players have additional options:
      • “Split” allows a player to separate their initial two cards of the same value into two separate hands and play them independently.
      • “Double Down” allows a player to double their initial bet after receiving the first two cards and receive one additional card.
      • “Insurance” is offered when the dealer’s face-up card is an Ace. Players can make an additional side bet that the dealer has a blackjack.

It’s important to note that specific rules may vary between different casinos and variations of blackjack. Before playing, it’s recommended to familiarize yourself with the rules for blackjack for the specific game you’re playing. This will ensure a smooth and enjoyable experience.



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